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Titanium Products application---YUNCH


Titanium  products 

Edit: Shaanxi Yunzhong Industry Development Co.,Ltd    Date: 2015-11-13

Titanium and it application

Titanium is a chemical element, chemical symbol Ti, atomic number 22, in the periodic table of the chemical 

element is located in the fourth cycle, the first IVB. Is a silver white transition metal, which is characterized

 by light weight, high strength, with a metallic luster, corrosion resistance to wet chlorine.

Titanium is considered to be a rare metal, which is dispersed and difficult to extract in nature. But it is 

relatively rich in all elements in the tenth place. Titanium ores are mainly of titanium iron ore and rutile, 

widely distributed in the earth's crust and lithosphere. Titanium also exists in almost all biological, rock, 

water and soil. Extraction of titanium from the main ore requires the use of Kroll or Hunter. Titanium is the 

most common compound of titanium dioxide, which can be used in the manufacture of white pigment. Other 

compounds including tetrachloride titanium (TiCl4) (as catalyst and for the manufacture of smoke or air 

text) and titanium trichloride (TiCl3) (for the production of polypropylene reactor).

1.Titanium Plate and titanium sheet

Titanium plate  GR1, GR2, GR3, GR5, GR7, GR12, Russian sign No.: BT1-00, BT1-0, BT1-2 and other 

domestic brands: TA1, TA2, TA3, TA5, TA6, TA7, TA9, TA10, TB2, TC1, TC2, TC3, TC4 titanium plate execution standard: 

GB/3621-2007, GB/T13810-2007 B265 ASTM, American Standard: ASTM F136, ASTM F67, AMS4928 T 

0.5-1.0mm x titanium plate production specifications W1000mm x L 2000-4000mm T 1.0-5.0mm x W1000-

1500mm x L 2000-3500mm T 5.0- 30mm x W1000-2500mm x L 3000-6000mm T 30- 80mm x W1000mm x L


2000mm uses titanium plate titanium plate is mainly used in the production of aircraft engine compressor 

parts, followed by a rocket, missiles and high speed aircraft structural parts. In the middle of 60, titanium 

and its alloys have been applied in the general industry, for making electrode electrolysis industry, power 

station condenser, oil refining and desalination of sea water heater and pollution control device. Titanium and 

its alloys have become a corrosion resistant structural material. In addition to the production of hydrogen 

storage materials and shape memory alloys such as titanium alloy can be used as the fuel and oxidizer tank 

and high pressure vessel for. Now has a titanium alloy for manufacturing automatic rifles, launch tube 

mortar base plate and recoilless guns. In the oil industry is mainly for a variety of containers, reactors, heat 

exchangers, distillation tower, pipe, pump and valve etc.. Titanium can be used as electrode and power station 

condenser as well as environmental pollution control device. In medical treatment, titanium can be used as 

artificial bone and various utensils. Titanium or steel and stainless steel and alloy steel.

2.Titanium seamless tube and titanium pipes

Titanium tube is of light weight, high strength and excellent mechanical properties. It is widely used in the 

heat exchange equipment, such as the calandria heat exchanger, coil heat exchanger, coiled pipe type heat

 exchanger, condenser, evaporator and pipelines etc.. At present, a lot of nuclear power industry to titanium 

tube as its standard pipe.Types of titanium tubes

Titanium tubes are divided into: titanium tube, titanium alloy pipe, seamless pipe, titanium pipe, titanium tube, 

titanium tube, titanium tube, titanium alloy extrusion tube, titanium elbow, titanium three links, etc..

Standard for titanium tubes

Production standard reference standard

1 GB 228 metal tensile test method

2 GB 224 metal tube hydraulic test method

3 GB 226 metal tube flattening test method

4 GB/T3620.1 titanium and titanium alloy grades and chemical composition

5 GB/T3620.2 titanium and titanium alloy products and components for chemical composition and deviation

Two technical requirements

1. Titanium and titanium alloy tubes chemical composition shall comply with GB/T3620.1 provisions, the re 

inspection by the buyer, the Kun Ming titanium chemical composition allowable deviation with GB/T3620.2


2 the allowable deviation of the outer diameter of the pipe shall be in accordance with the table 

3 the allowable deviation of the wall thickness of the tube shall not exceed 12.5% of the nominal wall 

thickness. The deviation of the tube wall thickness is not suitable for the welding of titanium welded pipe.

4 the length of the pipe shall be in accordance with the provisions of table two.

5 the length of the ruler or the length of the pipe shall be in the range of length of the length of the length of 

the pipe, the allowable deviation of the length of the length of the tube is +10mm, the length of the length of

 the ruler should also be included in the cut of the pipe cut, the amount of each cut should be 5mm. Table 1

Allowable deviation of outer diameter of titanium pipe (mm)

external diameter







Allowable deviation

+ 0.15

+ 0.30

+ 0.50

+ 0.65

+ 0.75

+ 0.85

Table two

The length of the pipes (mm)

titanium Seamless Tubes

external diameter

Less than or equal to 15

Not the length




Titanium welding pipe

wall thickness





Titanium welding rolling tube

wall thickness







According to the different requirements of titanium tube execution and performance of the two national 

standards: GB/T3624-1995 GB/T3625-1995.

The supply of grade titanium tube Too good for the supply of titanium tube: TA0, TA1, TA2, TA9, TA10, 

BT1-00, BT1-0, Gr1, Gr2 Supply specifications of titanium tube Supply specifications of titanium tube: 

diameter less than 4~114mm thickness Delta 0.2~4.5mm length 15m

Titanium tube performance

Titanium is a new type of metal, properties of titanium and contains carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen 

impurity content related, the most pure titanium iodide impurity content is not more than 0.1%, but the

 strength low, high plasticity. 99.5% of industrial pure titanium properties: density p =4.5g/cm3 melting for 

1725 DEG C, coefficient of thermal conductivity lambda =15.24W/ (m-k), the tensile strength of the sigma 

b=539MPa, the elongation%, section shrinkage rate of PSI = 25%, elastic modulus E=1.078 * 105Mpa, 

hardness HB195.

(1) high strength

Titanium alloy density is about 4.5g/cm3, only 60% of steel, the strength of pure titanium was close to 

ordinary steel strength, high strength titanium alloy than many alloy structural steel strength. The titanium

 alloy strength (strength / density) is much larger than other metal structure materials, see table 7-1, the unit 

can produce high strength, good rigidity, light parts and titanium  components. The current aircraft engine

 components, skeleton, skin, titanium fasteners and landing gear and so the use of titanium alloy.

(2) high thermal strength

Using temperature than the aluminum alloy high several Baidu, the required strength remains at moderate


 temperatures, at 450 to 500 DEG C temperature long-term work these two kinds of titanium alloy in the 150


DEG C to 500 DEG C still has very high specific strength, and aluminum alloy at 150 DEG C than strength 

decreased significantly. The working temperature of titanium alloy is 500 DEG C, Aluminum Alloy at 200 


(3) good corrosion resistance

Titanium alloy in humid air and seawater, the corrosion resistance is much better than the stainless steel; 

pitting corrosion, acid corrosion, stress corrosion resistance is particularly strong in; of alkali, chloride, 

chlorine organic materials, nitric acid, sulfuric acid has excellent corrosion resistance. But with titanium on

 corrosion resistance of chromium and oxygen reduction medium difference.

(4) good low temperature performance

Titanium alloy at low temperature and ultra low temperature, can still maintain its mechanical properties. 

Good low temperature performance of titanium alloy, low interstitial elements such as TA7, under -253 DEG 

C can maintain a certain degree of plasticity. Therefore, the titanium alloy is a kind of important structural 

materials at low temperature.

(5) chemical activity

The chemical activity of titanium, have a strong chemical reaction with O in the atmosphere, N, H, CO,CO2,

 water vapor and ammonia etc.. 

When carbon content is larger than 0.2%, the formation of hard tic in titanium alloy; when the temperature

 is higher, and the role of n will form a surface layer of tin hard; in more than 600 DEG C, titanium oxygen 

absorption and high hardness of the hardened layer is formed; hydrogen content increased, brittle layer is 

formed. The absorption of gases produced by the depth of brittle surface is 0.1 ~ 0.15 mm, the degree of 

hardening is 20% ~ 30%. The chemical affinity of titanium is also large, easy to produce adhesion and 

friction surface.

(6) small thermal conductivity, low elastic modulus

A =15.24W/ thermal conductivity of titanium nickel (m.K) about 1/4, iron 1/5, aluminum 1/14, and thermal 

conductivity of titanium alloy than the thermal conductivity of titanium decreased about 50%. Elastic 

modulus of titanium alloy is about 1 / 2 of the steel, so the poor rigidity, easy deformation, not making 

elongated rod and thin walled parts, cutting springback amount of machined surface is large, about 2 ~ 3 

times the stainless steel, causing the tool rake face intense friction, adhesion, adhesive wear.

Use of titanium tube

Titanium alloy with high strength and density, good mechanical properties, good toughness and corrosion 

resistance. in addition.

2.Titanium round bars and titanium hex bars

The industrial production of titanium is the beginning of 1948. 

The needs of the aviation industry to carry

 out the titanium industry to grow at an average annual rate of about 8%. At present, the annual output of international titanium

 alloy processing material has reached 4 tons, nearly 30 kinds of titanium alloy trademark. The most widely used titanium alloys are

 Ti-6Al-4V (TC4), Ti-5Al-2.5Sn (TA7) and commercially pure titanium (TA1, TA2, and TA3). Titanium alloy is mainly used for the 

production of aircraft engine compressor parts, followed by the layout of the rocket, missile and high-speed aircraft. In the mid-

1960s, titanium and its alloy has usually used in industrial for making electrode electrolysis industry, power station condenser, oil

 essence and desalination of sea water heater and environmental pollution control equipment. Titanium and its alloys have 

become a corrosion resistant material.

Also used in the production of hydrogen storage materials and shape memory alloys, etc.. Titanium alloy is 

used in aerospace industry a new important layout data, density, strength and use temperature between 

aluminum and steel, but specific strength is high and it has excellent resistance to seawater corrosion 

function and ultra low temperature function. Amount of titanium alloys in aero engine typically accounts for

 20% of the total weight of the layout to 30%, first and foremost for the production of compressor 

components, such as casting titanium fan and compressor disk and blade, casting titanium compressor 

machine box, intermediary casing, bearing housing. Spacecraft first using titanium alloy of high specific 

strength, corrosion resistance and high temperature resistant performance to make all pressure vessels, fuel 

tank, fasteners, instrument strap, framework and rocket shell. Artificial earth satellite, lunar module, 

manned spaceship and space shuttle are also used in the welding of titanium alloy sheet.

Titanium bar production

GB brand: TA1, TA2, TA3, TA7, TA9, TA10, TC4, TC4ELI, TC6, TC9, TC10,, TC11

American Standard brands: GR1, GR2, GR3, GR5, GR7, GR12

Folding and editing of the titanium bar production specifications

Size (mm)

Tolerance (mm)

Degree of ellipse (mm)

6.35 to 7.94 + 0.13

Zero point two zero 7.94 to 11.11 + 0.15

Zero point two three 11.11 to 15.88 + 0.18

Zero point two five 15.88 to 22.22 + 0.20

Zero point three zero 22.22 to 25.40 + 0.23

Zero point three three25.40 to 28.58 + 0.25

Zero point three eight 28.58 to 31.75+ 0.28

Zero point four one31.75 to 34.92    + 0.30

Zero point four six 34.92 to 38.10   + 0.36

Zero point five three 38.10 to 50.80 + 0.40

Zero point five eight 50.80 to 63.50+0.79 - 0

Zero point five eight 63.50 to 88.90 +1.19 - 0

Zero point eight nine 88.90 to 114.30+1.59 - 0

One point one seven open

Edit this paragraph introduces alloy folding

Based on the phase composition of titanium alloy can be divided into three categories: alpha (alpha + beta)

 alloy, alloy and alloy China beta, TA, TC and TB respectively to said.

The alpha alpha stable element alloy containing a certain amount of phase, the equilibrium state is mainly 

composed of alpha phase composition. A small proportion of alloy, heat resistance, good weldability and 

excellent corrosion resistance. The disadvantage is the strength at room temperature is low, usually used as 

heat resistant materials and corrosion resistant material. Alpha alloy usually can be divided into all alpha 

alloy (TA7), near alpha alloy (Ti-8Al-1Mo-1V) and a small amount of alpha alloy compounds (Ti-2.5Cu). II 

(alpha + beta) stable elements of alpha and beta alloys containing a certain amount of phase equilibrium,

 alloy microstructure for the alpha and beta phases. (alpha + beta) alloy with moderate intensity, and 

strengthened by heat treatment, but the welding performance. (alpha + beta) alloy is widely used, where Ti-

6Al-4V alloy production accounted for more than half of all titanium.

The beta alloys containing a large number of stable phase elements, the high temperature phase all the 

reservations to room temperature. Beta alloys usually can be divided into heat treatment (metastable beta 

beta alloy alloy and near metastable beta alloys) and thermal stability of beta alloy. Heat treatment of beta 

alloy plastic excellent in quenching condition, and the tensile strength of 130~140kgf/mm2 by aging 

treatment. Beta alloys are used for high strength and high toughness materials. The disadvantage is heavy, 

high cost, poor welding performance, difficult machining.

Edit this section shows that folding


The manufacturing process delivery state diameter (mm)

The implementation of standards


Hot forging ten car (grinding) optical RM 6-200



Hot forging ten car (grinding) optical RM 6-200

The folding editor production of titanium rod

The production status of titanium rod:

Hot working state (R)

Cold working state (Y)

The annealed state (M)

Solid state (ST)

Edit this section folding titanium rod manufacturing process

Titanium rod manufacturing process:

Hot forging and hot rolling - car light (Mo Guang)

Edit this section folding titanium rod standard

GB: GB/T2965-2007, GB/T13810, Q/BS5331-91

B348 ASTM F136 American Standard: ASTM, ASTM, F67, AMS4928

A reference standard

1: GB 228 metal tensile test method

2: GB/T 3620.1 titanium and titanium alloy grade and chemical composition

The allowable deviation of chemical composition and composition of 3: GB/T3620.2 titanium and titanium 

alloy processing products

4698 4: GB methods for chemical analysis of sponge titanium, titanium and titanium alloy

Two, technical requirements

The chemical composition of 1: titanium and titanium alloy bars shall comply with GB/T 3620.1, the 

provisions of the need for repeated inspection, chemical composition deviation should be allowed to meet the

 requirements of GB/T 3620.2.

2: thermal processing of bar diameter or length of side and the deviation should be allowed to meet the provisions of table 

3: heat processed by car (grinding) light bar and cold rolling, cold drawn rod diameter deviation should meet 

the specification in table two.

4: heat processed by car (grinding) light bar roundness should be less than the size tolerance of the semi.

5: processing state bar of indefinite length 300-6000mm and annealing condition rods and bars not fixed 

length for 300-2000mm, decides the ruler or double length should be within the indefinite length range. 

Length allowable deviation is + 20mm; double length should also be included in the bar of the incision, each

 all export volume is 5mm. Set length or double length should be specified in the contract.

Edit this section of medical titanium rod folding

Specification: rolling of 8.0---40mm * L * L 40---150mm of forging;

Microstructure: pure titanium grain size is not less than 5, TC4 titanium alloy with A1-A9.


3. Titanium wire

Pure titanium is silver white metal, it has many excellent properties. The density of 4.54g/cm3 titanium, 43% 

lighter than steel, lighter than metal magnesium prestigious slightly. Mechanical strength is similar to the 

steel, two times larger than aluminum, five times greater than magnesium. Titanium resistant to high 

temperature, melting point 1942K, higher than gold near 1000K, than steel high near 500K.

Basic information

Chinese name Titanium wire Name of foreign language Wire titanium density Fand 4.54g/cm purpose

The military, medical and electroplating industriesmelting point 1942K catalog

1 Introduction

2 titanium wire carburizing surface treatment

Folding edit this paragraph introduction

Classification of folded titanium wire

Titanium wire is divided into: pure titanium wire, titanium gold, titanium wire glasses, titanium straight 

wire, titanium wire, titanium wire, titanium wire rack, titanium plate wire, wire Tai Guangliang, titanium 

wire, titanium nickel alloy wire.

Standard Specification for folded titanium wire

Titanium wire size

Titanium wire size

A, titanium wire specifications: diameter of 0.8- 6.0mm.

B glasses, titanium wire specifications: Phi 1.0- phi 6.0mm special titanium wire C, titanium wire

 specifications: Phi 0.2- Phi 8.0mm special hanger

Main standard of folding titanium wire


Folding titanium wire

TA0, TA1, TA2, TA3, TA4, TA6, TA7, TA9, TA10, TC1, TC2,, TC3, TC4, TC6, TC11, GR1, GR2,, GR3, GR5, 

Ti6AL4V, ELI, Ti6AL7Nb,, Ti13Nb13Zr,, Ti1533,,,,,,,, TA5, and The state of the folded titanium wire

The annealed state thermal processing (M) (R) (Y) (cold working state of annealing, ultrasonic 

testing) Surface of folded titanium wire Pickling surface bright surface Folding titanium wire use

The military, medical and sporting goods, glasses, earrings, hair ornaments, electroplating, welding and 

other industries. Edit this paragraph Taisi folding carburizing surface treatment Titanium wire forms a 

stable carbide with high hardness. The growth of the carbonization layer between titanium and carbon is 

determined by the diffusion rate of titanium in the carbonization layer.

The solubility of carbon in titanium, in 850X: total is 0.3%, and at 600C about down to 0.1%B due to the 

small size of the solubility of carbon in titanium, so basically only through the deposition of titanium carbide 

layer and below call domain layer to surface hardening of the objective. Must be carried out under the 

conditions of the removal of oxygen carburizing, as applicable to common carburizing steel powder against 

carbon monoxide or surface of carbon monoxide in the oxygen bearing and the formation of surface layer

 hardness reaches 2700MPa and 8500MPa, and. Very easy to peel.

Compared with this, the deoxidation or decarburization conditions in charcoal carburizing may form a thin

 layer of titanium carbide. The hardness of this layer is 32OUOMPa, which is in conformity with the 

hardness of titanium carbide. The depth of the carburizing layer is more than the depth of the nitriding layer 

under the same conditions. Under the condition of oxygen enrichment, the absorption of oxygen must be 

taken into account to influence the depth of hardening. Only in a very thin layer thickness, in vacuum or 

argon methane atmosphere permeability toner can form sufficient adhesion strength compared with this, the

 gas carburizing agent may be particularly hard and good adhesion of the titanium carbide hardening layer 

is formed. At the same time, the hardening of the 950T: and 10201: is formed between the 50fim and the 

hardening. With the increase of the layer thickness, the titanium carbide layer becomes more brittle, and tend 

to be from peeling off t in order to avoid due to decomposition of the Rui alkane and carbon inclusions 

invasion of titanium carbide layer, using about volume fraction for Rui alkane 2% of the prescribed dose 

additive in inert gas in gas carburizing. The lower surface hardness is formed when the methane is used as a

 propane additive. When the adhesive Wu Lida to Mao OkPa conditions in the use of propane gas 

carburizing, although measured the thickness of hardened layer is very thin, but has the best wear resistance.

 In the use of gas carburizing agent under the conditions of hydrogen absorption, but in vacuum annealing 

but had to re remove it.

from magazines News 12th-Mar 201.

Shaanxi Yunzhong Industry Development Co.,Ltd