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Titanium plate, titanium sheet, titanium round bar , titanium wire,titnaium tube
Nov 13, 2015


Titanium is a chemical element, chemical symbol Ti, atomic number 22, in the periodic table of the chemical element is located in the fourth cycle, the first.

Titanium is considered to be a rare metal, which is dispersed and difficult to extract in nature. But it is relatively rich in all elements in the 

tenth place. Titanium ores are mainly of titanium iron ore and rutile, widely di al, rock, water and soil. Extraction of titanium from the main

 ore requires the use of Kroll or Hunter. Titanium is the most common compound of titanium dioxide, which can be used in the manufacture


 of white pigment. Other compounds including tetrachloride titanium (TiCl4) (as catalyst and for the manufacture of smoke or air text) and 

titanium trichloride (TiCl3) (for the production of polypropylene reactor).

Titanium application

1.Titanium Plate and titanium sheet

Titanium plate American Standard grade brands: GR1, GR2, GR3, GR5, GR7, GR12, Russian sign No.: BT1-00, BT1-0, BT1-2 and other 

domestic brands: TA0, TA2, TA3, TA5, TA6, TA7, TA9, TA10, TB2, TC1, TC2, TC3, TC4 titanium plate execution standard: GB/3621-2007, 

GB/T13810-2007 B265 ASTM, American Standard: ASTM F136, ASTM F67, AMS4928 T 0.5-1.0mm x titanium plate production 

specifications W1000mm x L 2000-4000mm T 1.0-5.0mm x W10 00mm x L 3000-6000mm T 30- 80mm x W1000mm x L 2000mm uses 

titanium plate titanium plate is mainly used in the production of aircraft engine compressor parts, followed by addition to the production of 

hydrogen storage ma  automatic rifles, launch tube mortar base plate and recoilless guns. In the oil industry is mainly for a variety of 

containers, reactors, heat exchangers, distillation tower, pipe, pump and valve etc.. Titanium can be used as electrode and power station 

condenser as well as environmental pollution control device. In medical treatment, titanium can be used as artificial bone and various 

utensils. Titanium or steel and stainless steel and alloy steel.

2.Titanium seamless tube and titanium pipes

Titanium tube is of light weight, high strength and excellent mechanical properties. It is widely used in the heat exchange equipment, such 

as the calandria heat exchanger, coil heat exchanger, coiled pipe type heat exchanger, condenser, evaporator and pipelines etc.. At present, 

a lot of nuclear power industry to titanium tube as its standard pipe.

Types of titanium tubes

Titanium tubes are divided into: titanium tube, titanium alloy pipe, seamless pipe, titanium pipe, titanium tube, titanium tube, titanium tube, 

titanium alloy extrusion tube, titanium elbow, titanium three links, etc..

Standard for titanium tubes

Production standard reference standard

1 GB 228 metal tensile test method

2 GB 224 metal tube hydraulic test method

3 GB 226 metal tube flattening test method

4 GB/T3620.1 titanium and titanium alloy grades and chemical composition

5 GB/T3620.2 titanium and titanium alloy products and components for chemical composition and deviation

Two technical requirements

1. Titanium and titanium alloy tubes chemical composition shall comply with GB/T3620.1 provisions, the re inspection by the buyer, the Kun 

Ming titanium chemical composition allowable deviation with GB/T3620.2 provisions.

2 the allowable deviation of the outer diameter of the pipe shall be in accordance with the table 

3 the allowable deviation of the wall thickness of the tube shall not exceed 12.5% of the nominal wall thickness. The deviation of the tube 

wall thickness is not suitable for the welding of titanium welded pipe.

4 the length of the pipe shall be in accordance with the provisions of table two.

5 the length of the ruler or the length of the pipe shall be in the range of length of the length of the length of the pipe, the allowable 

deviation of the length of the length of the tube is +10mm, the length of the length of the ruler should also be included in the cut of the pipe 

cut, the amount of each cut should be 5mm. Table 1

According to the different requirements of titanium tube execution and performance of the two national standards: GB/T3624-1995 


The supply of grade titanium tube

Too good for the supply of titanium tube: TA0, TA1, TA2, TA9, TA10, BT1-00, BT1-0, Gr1, Gr2

Supply specifications of titanium tube

Supply specifications of titanium tube: diameter less than 4~114mm thickness Delta 0.2~4.5mm length 15m

Titanium tube performance

Titanium is a new type of metal, properties of titanium and contains carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen impurity content related, the 

most pure titanium iodide impurity content is not more than 0.1%, but the strength low, high plasticity. 99.5% of industrial pure titanium 

properties: density p =4.5g/cm3 melting for 1725 DEG C, coefficient of thermal conductivity lambda =15.24W/ (m-k), the tensile strength of 

the sigma b=539MPa, the elongation%, section shrinkage rate of PSI = 25%, elastic modulus E=1.078 * 105Mpa, hardness HB195.

(1) high strength

Titanium alloy density is about 4.5g/cm3, only 60% of steel, the strength of pure titanium was close to ordinary steel strength, high strength

 titanium alloy than many alloy structural steel strength. The titanium alloy strength (strength / density) is much larger than other metal 

structure materials, see table 7-1, the unit can produce high strength, good rigidity, light parts and components. The current aircraft engine 

components, skeleton, skin, fasteners and landing gear and so the use of titanium alloy.

(2) high thermal strength

Using temperature than the aluminum alloy high several Baidu, the required strength remains at moderate temperatures, at 450 to 500 DEG

 C temperature long-term work these two kinds of titanium alloy in the 150 DEG C to 500 DEG C still has very high specific strength, and 

aluminum alloy at 150 DEG C than strength decreased significantly. The working temperature of titanium alloy is 500 DEG C, Aluminum 

Alloy at 200 DEG C.

(3) good corrosion resistance

Titanium alloy in humid air and seawater, the corrosion resistance is much better than the stainless steel; pitting corrosion, acid corrosion, 

stress corrosion resistance is particularly strong in; of alkali, chloride, chlorine organic materials, nitric acid, sulfuric acid has excellent 

corrosion resistance. But with titanium on corrosion resistance of chromium and oxygen reduction medium difference.

(4) good low temperature performance

Titanium alloy at low temperature and ultra low temperature, can still maintain its mechanical properties. Good low temperature 

performance of titanium alloy, low interstitial elements such as TA7, under -253 DEG C can maintain a certain degree of plasticity. 

Therefore, the titanium alloy is a kind of important structural materials at low temperature.

(5) chemical activity

The chemical activity of titanium, have a strong chemical reaction with O in the atmosphere, N, H, CO, CO2, water vapor and ammonia 

etc.. When carbon content is larger than 0.2%, the formation of hard tic in titanium alloy; when the temperature is higher, and the role of n 

will form a surface layer of tin hard; in more than 600 DEG C, titanium oxygen absorption and high hardness of the hardened layer is 

formed; hydrogen content increased, brittle layer is formed. The absorption of gases produced by the depth of brittle surface is 0.1 ~ 0.15 

mm, the degree of hardening is 20% ~ 30%. The chemical affinity of titanium is also large, easy to produce adhesion and friction surface.

(6) small thermal conductivity, low elastic modulus

A =15.24W/ thermal conductivity of titanium nickel (m.K) about 1/4, iron 1/5, aluminum 1/14, and thermal conductivity of titanium alloy 

than the thermal conductivity of titanium decreased about 50%. Elastic modulus of titanium alloy is about 1 / 2 of the steel, so the poor 

rigidity, easy deformation, not making elongated rod and thin walled parts, cutting springback amount of machined surface is large, about 2 

~ 3 times the stainless steel, causing the tool rake face intense friction, adhesion, adhesive wear.

Use of titanium tube

Titanium alloy with high strength and density, good mechanical properties, good toughness and corrosion resistance. in addition

2.Titanium round bars and titanium hex bars

The industrial production of titanium is the beginning of 1948. The needs of the aviation industry to carry out the titanium industry to grow 

at an average annual rate of about 8%. At present, the annual output of international titanium alloy processing material has reached 4 tons, 

nearly 30 kinds of titanium alloy trademark. The most widely used titanium alloys are Ti-6Al-4V (TC4), Ti-5Al-2.5Sn (TA7) and 

commercially pure titanium (TA1, TA2, and TA3). Titanium alloy is mainly used for the production of aircraft engine compressor parts, 

followed by the layout of the rocket, missile and high-speed aircraft. In the mid-1960s, titanium and its alloy has usually used in industrial 

for making electrode electrolysis industry, power station condenser, oil essence and desalination of sea water heater and environmental 

pollution control equipment. Titanium and its alloys have become a corrosion resistant material.

Also used in the production of hydrogen storage materials and shape memory alloys, etc.. Titanium alloy is used in aerospace industry a 

new important layout data, density, strength and use temperature between aluminum and steel, but specific strength is high and it has 

excellent resistance to seawater corrosion function and ultra low temperature function. Amount of titanium alloys in aero engine typically 

accounts for 20% of the total weight of the layout to 30%, first and foremost for the production of compressor components, such as casting 

titanium fan and compressor disk and blade, casting titanium compressor machine box, intermediary casing, bearing housing. Spacecraft 

first using titanium alloy of high specific strength, corrosion resistance and high temperature resistant performance to make all pressure 

vessels, fuel tank, fasteners, instrument strap, framework and rocket shell. Artificial earth satellite, lunar module, manned spaceship and 

space shuttle are also used in the welding of titanium alloy sheet.

Titanium bar production

GB brand: TA1, TA2, TA3, TA7, TA9, TA10, TC4, TC4ELI, TC6, TC9, TC10,, TC11

American Standard brands: GR1, GR2, GR3, GR5, GR7, GR12

Folding and editing of the titanium bar production specifications

Size (mm)

Tolerance (mm)

Degree of ellipse (mm)

6.35 to 7.94

+ 0.13

Zero point two zero

7.94 to 11.11

+ 0.15

Zero point two three

11.11 to 15.88

+ 0.18

Zero point two five

15.88 to 22.22

+ 0.20

Zero point three zero

22.22 to 25.40

+ 0.23

Zero point three three

25.40 to 28.58

+ 0.25

Zero point three eight

28.58 to 31.75

+ 0.28

Zero point four one

31.75 to 34.92

+ 0.30

Zero point four six

34.92 to 38.10


+ 0.36

Zero point five three

38.10 to 50.80

+ 0.40

Zero point five eight

50.80 to 63.50

+0.79 - 0

Zero point five eight

63.50 to 88.90

+1.19 - 0

Zero point eight nine

88.90 to 114.30

+1.59 - 0

One point one seven


Edit this paragraph introduces alloy folding

Based on the phase composition of titanium alloy can be divided into three categories: alpha (alpha + beta) alloy, alloy and alloy China beta, TA, TC and TB respectively to said.

The alpha alpha stable element alloy containing a certain amount of phase, the equilibrium state is mainly composed of alpha phase 

composition. A small proportion of alloy, heat resistance, good weldability and excellent corrosion resistance. The disadvantage is the 

strength at room temperature is low, usually used as heat resistant materials and corrosion resistant material. Alpha alloy usually can be 

divided into all alpha alloy (TA7), near alpha alloy (Ti-8Al-1Mo-1V) and a small amount of alpha alloy compounds (Ti-2.5Cu). II (alpha +

 beta) stable elements of alpha and beta alloys containing a certain amount of phase equilibrium, alloy microstructure for the alpha and 

beta phases. (alpha + beta) alloy with moderate intensity, and strengthened by heat treatment, but the welding performance. (alpha + beta) 

alloy is widely used, where Ti-6Al-4V alloy production accounted for more than half of all titanium.

The beta alloys containing a large number of stable phase elements, the high temperature phase all the reservations to room temperature. 

Beta alloys usually can be divided into heat treatment (metastable beta beta alloy alloy and near metastable beta alloys) and thermal 

stability of beta alloy. Heat treatment of beta alloy plastic excellent in quenching condition, and the tensile strength of 130~140kgf/mm2 by 

aging treatment. Beta alloys are used for high strength and high toughness materials. The disadvantage is heavy, high cost, poor welding

 performance, difficult machining.

Edit this section shows that folding


The manufacturing process delivery state diameter (mm)

The implementation of standards


Hot forging ten car (grinding) optical RM 6-200



Hot forging ten car (grinding) optical RM 6-200

The folding editor production of titanium rod

The production status of titanium rod:

Hot working state (R)

Cold working state (Y)

The annealed state (M)

Solid state (ST)

Edit this section folding titanium rod manufacturing process

Titanium rod manufacturing process:

Hot forging and hot rolling - car light (Mo Guang)

Edit this section folding titanium rod standard

GB: GB/T2965-2007, GB/T13810, Q/BS5331-91

B348 ASTM F136 American Standard: ASTM, ASTM, F67, AMS4928

A reference standard

1: GB 228 metal tensile test method

2: GB/T 3620.1 titanium and titanium alloy grade and chemical composition

The allowable deviation of chemical composition and composition of 3: GB/T3620.2 titanium and titanium alloy processing products

4698 4: GB methods for chemical analysis of sponge titanium, titanium and titanium alloy

Two, technical requirements

The chemical composition of 1: titanium and titanium alloy bars shall comply with GB/T 3620.1, the provisions of the need for repeated 

inspection, chemical composition deviation should be allowed to meet the requirements of GB/T 3620.2.

2: thermal processing of bar diameter or length of side and the deviation should be allowed to meet the provisions of table 1.

3: heat processed by car (grinding) light bar and cold rolling, cold drawn rod diameter deviation should meet the specification in table two.

4: heat processed by car (grinding) light bar roundness should be less than the size tolerance of the semi.

5: processing state bar of indefinite length 300-6000mm and annealing condition rods and bars not fixed length for 300-2000mm, decides 

the ruler or double length should be within the indefinite length range. Length allowable deviation is + 20mm; double length should also be 

included in the bar of the incision, each all export volume is 5mm. Set length or double length should be specified in the contract.

Edit this section of medical titanium rod folding

Specification: rolling of 8.0---40mm * L * L 40---150mm of forging;

Microstructure: pure titanium grain size is not less than 5, TC4 titanium alloy with A1-A9.

3 Titanium wire

Pure titanium is silver white metal, it has many excellent properties. The density of 4.54g/cm3 titanium, 43% lighter than steel, lighter than 

metal magnesium prestigious slightly. Mechanical strength is similar to the steel, two times larger than aluminum, five times greater than 

magnesium. Titanium resistant to high temperature, melting point 1942K, higher than gold near 1000K, than steel high near 500K.

Basic information

Chinese name

Titanium wire

Name of foreign language

Wire titanium


Fand 4.54g/cm


The military, medical and electroplating industries

melting point



1 Introduction

2 titanium wire carburizing surface treatment

Folding edit this paragraph introduction

Classification of folded titanium wire

Titanium wire is divided into: pure titanium wire, titanium gold, titanium wire glasses, titanium straight wire, titanium wire, titanium wire, 

titanium wire rack, titanium plate wire, wire Tai Guangliang, titanium wire, titanium nickel alloy wire.

Standard Specification for folded titanium wire

Titanium wire size

A, titanium wire specifications: diameter of 0.8- 6.0mm.

B glasses, titanium wire specifications: Phi 1.0- phi 6.0mm special titanium wire C, titanium wire specifications: Phi 0.2- Phi 8.0mm special hanger

Main standard of folding titanium wire


Folding titanium wire

TA0, TA1, TA2, TA3, TA4, TA6, TA7, TA9, TA10, TC1, TC2,, TC3, TC4, TC6, TC11, GR1, GR2,, GR3, GR5, Ti6AL4V, ELI, Ti6AL7Nb,, 

Ti13Nb13Zr,, Ti1533,,,,,,,, TA5, and

The state of the folded titanium wire

The annealed state thermal processing (M) (R) (Y) (cold working state of annealing, ultrasonic testing)

Surface of folded titanium wire

Pickling surface bright surface

Folding titanium wire use

The military, medical and sporting goods, glasses, earrings, hair ornaments, electroplating, welding and other industries.

Edit this paragraph Taisi folding carburizing surface treatment

Titanium wire forms a stable carbide with high hardness. The growth of the carbonization layer between titanium and carbon is determined 

by the diffusion rate of titanium in the carbonization layer.

The solubility of carbon in titanium, in 850X: total is 0.3%, and at 600C about down to 0.1%B due to the small size of the solubility of 

carbon in titanium, so basically only through the deposition of titanium carbide layer and below call domain layer to surface hardening of 

the objective. Must be carried out under the conditions of the removal of oxygen carburizing, as applicable to common carburizing steel 

powder against carbon monoxide or surface of carbon monoxide in the oxygen bearing and the formation of surface layer hardness reaches 2700MPa and 8500MPa, and. Very easy to peel.

Compared with this, the deoxidation or decarburization conditions in charcoal carburizing may form a thin layer of titanium carbide. 

The hardness of this layer is 32OUOMPa, which is in conformity with the hardness of titanium carbide. The depth of the carburizing layer 

is more than the depth of the nitriding layer under the same conditions. Under the condition of oxygen enrichment, the absorption of oxygen

 must be taken into account to influence the depth of hardening. Only in a very thin layer thickness, in vacuum or argon methane 

atmosphere permeability toner can form sufficient adhesion strength compared with this, the gas carburizing agent may be particularly hard 

and good adhesion of the titanium carbide hardening layer is formed. At the same time, the hardening of the 950T: and 10201: is formed

 between the 50fim and the hardening. With the increase of the layer thickness, the titanium carbide layer becomes more brittle, and tend to 

be from peeling off t in order to avoid due to decomposition of the Rui alkane and carbon inclusions invasion of titanium carbide layer, 

using about volume fraction for Rui alkane 2% of the prescribed dose additive in inert gas in gas carburizing. The lower surface hardness is 

formed when the methane is used as a propane additive. When the adhesive Wu Lida to Mao OkPa conditions in the use of propane gas 

carburizing, although measured the thickness of hardened layer is very thin, but has the best wear resistance. In the use of gas carburizing

 agent under the conditions of hydrogen absorption, but in vacuum annealing but had to re remove it.